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清理ACT写作语法结构的真确方式

334 2018-09-17 分享到 :

  在我国许多考生会用中式英语替代我发把握的部分,ACT写作是剖析性写作,对考生语言表达的逻辑性和精准性有必定要求,防止中式的表达方式特别的重要,怎么防止呢?


清理ACT写作语法结构的真确方式

  强词和弱词

  关于剖析性写作而言,英文呈现出一种较客观的表达,作文中“强词”相对较多,“弱词”相对较少。何为强词?就是指具有本质含义指向的词,例如book, planet, card等。弱词具有片面性,或表意规模比较模糊,例如interesting, useful, absolutely等,多为形容词或副词,由于感觉是因人而异的。当然,这两个概念不是必定的,有的词有时是强词,有时是弱词,取决于语境。

  那么应怎样处理强词和弱词?首要,剖析性写作语言表达应比较客观,既然客观,“现实”胜于“雄辩”。也就是说,强词多于弱词,在证明中尽量防止过多的片面性价值判别的表达,More details speak louder than adjectives.

  关于一个issue,咱们的态度是片面的,剖析性写作的意图就是从不同视点支持咱们的态度,使之具有说服力。

  主语的选择

  表达自己的观念时,不用定要用I think,I suppose等等“我”做主语,论则进程能够选用无灵主语的情况较多,即“没有灵魂的”客观事物,但不用定。例如官网Intelligent machine这道样题的5分和6分范文,最初陈说观念时分别是这样表达的:

  Their concerns, though, are outweighed by the benefits these machines offer.(5分例文)

  Although the usage of machines increases efficiency and our standard of living, it detracts from the value of human life.(6分例文)

  为什么没有用As far as I’m concerned, Personally甚至I think等等直接告诉别人“我认为”怎么怎么?由于ACT写作属于persuasive essay, 你既然要persuade others,必定你的观念,你评论的内容具有必定规模的普适性,是客观的。因此,同学们不用在写作中处处用“我我我”,全部客观陈说,讲道理摆现实,你的作文质量会有一个质的小飞越。

  减少或许防止注重表达,很重要的一点就是要有逻辑感,对语法的结构要能够了若指掌,下面共享一些写作中语法结构的构成,期望能对我们有所协助。

  1. 一个语句的主语和谓语动词应该能够反映语句中的最重要的意思。

  例如:

  The situation that resulted in my grandfather"s not being able to study engineering was that his father needed help on the farm.

  从意思上来剖析,上面这句话需求表达的重要的概念是“grandfather"s not being able to study”,而在表达这个概念时,原句用的主语是situation,谓语动词是was,不能着重需求表达的要点概念,能够改为下面这句话:

  My grandfather couldn"t study engineering because his father needed help on the farm.

  2. 防止频频运用“there be”结构。

  例如下面的语句:

  There were 25 cows on the farm that my grandfather had to milk every day. It was hard work for my grandfather.

  能够改为:

  My grandfather worked hard. He had to milk 25 cows on the farm every day.

  更简练的句式为:

  My grandfather worked hard milking 25 cows daily.

  3. 把从句改为短语或单词。

  例如:

  Dairy cows were raised on the farm,which was located100 kilometers from the nearest university and was in an area that was remote.

  简介的表达方式为:

  The dairy farm was located in a remote area, 100 kilometers tothe nearest university.

  4. 仅在需求着重宾语而不是主语的时分,才运用被动语态。

  例如:

  In the fall, not only did the cows have to be milked, but also the hay was mowed and stacked by my grandfather"s family.

  本句不行简练的原因是本句的重心应该是“繁忙的家庭-my grandfather"s family”,而运用了被动语态后,似乎重心变成了cows和hay。下面的表达方式是自动语态,相对来说更简练一些:

  In the fall, my grandfather"s family not only milked the cow but also mowed and stacked the hay.

  5. 用更为准确的一个动词来替代动词短语。

  例如下面这句话:

  My grandfather didn"t have time to stand around doing nothing with his school friends.

  Stand around doing nothing其实能够用一个动词来表达,即loiter:

  My grandfather didn"t have time to loiter with his school friends.

  6. 有时两句话的信息通过组合彻底能够用一句话来简练地表达。

  例如:

  Profits from the farm were not large. Sometimes they were too small to meet the expenses of running a farm. They were not sufficient to pay for a university degree.

  两句话的信息能够合并为下面这句更为简练的语句:

  Profits from the farm were sometimes too small to meet operational expenses, let alone pay for a university degree.


  以上给我们分享的是关于ACT考试备考战略的问题,期望能够为我们供给协助,我们在ACT备考中也能够参阅一下这些备考战略,为我们的ACT备考供给更多的主张,预祝我们获得心仪的ACT考试成绩。

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