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ACT英语考题构成要素

120 2018-08-14 分享到 :

  ACT考试由美国大学测验组织机构ACT主办。ACT考试均不是单纯的语言考试,而是对学生综合能力的测试。考试重视学生对基础课程的掌握并检查学生一般学术能力,难度贴近高中生。必考科学为四个部分:英语、数学、阅读、科学,全部为选择题,共215道。总分36分,考试时间共175分钟。

  ACT考试英语写作所要求的六要素包含在英语测试中:标点、语法、句子结构、写作技巧、文章结构、文体。前面三个部分的问题组成了“用法与结构”的得分。后三个部分组成了“修辞技巧”的得分。


ACT英语考题构成要素


  Six elements of effective writing are included in the English Test: punctuation, grammar, sentence structure, strategy, organization, and style. The questions covering punctuation, grammar, and sentence structure make up the Usage/Mechanics subscore. The questions covering strategy, organization, and style make up the Rhetorical Skills subscore.

  Usage/Mechanics

  “用法与结构”

  Punctuation (13%). Questions in this category test your knowledge of the conventions of internal and end-of-sentence punctuation, with emphasis on the relationship of punctuation to meaning (for example, avoiding ambiguity, indicating appositives).

  标点符号(13%)这方面问题考察考生对标点在文章内和句子结尾的用法,重点考察举例、避免混淆、同位格方面的标点运用。

  Grammar and Usage (16%). Questions in this category test your understanding of agreement between subject and verb, between pronoun and antecedent, and between modifiers and the word modified; verb formation; pronoun case; formation of comparative and superlative adjectives and adverbs; and idiomatic usage.

  语法及运用(16%)这方面问题考察考生对主语和动词、代词和先行词、修饰语和被修饰词、动词形式、代词格、形容词和副词的比较级和最高级形式及习惯用法的理解。

  Sentence Structure (24%). Questions in this category test your understanding of relationships between and among clauses, placement of modifiers, and shifts in construction.

  句子结构(24%)这方面问题考察考生对从句关系、修饰词的使用及句型转换的理解和运用。

  Rhetorical Skills

  修辞技巧

  Strategy (16%). Questions in this category test how well you develop a given topic by choosing expressions appropriate to an essay's audience and purpose; judging the effect of adding, revising, or deleting supporting material; and choosing effective opening, transitional, and closing sentences.

  修辞技巧(16%)这方面考察考生通过选择适应读者和写作目的的表达,达到对指定话题的充分展开。通过增加,修正,删减一些支撑性材料,判断对文章的影响。确定合适的开篇,过渡和结束段。

  Organization (15%). Questions in this category test how well you organize ideas and judge the relevance of statements in context (making decisions about order, coherence, and unity).

  修辞组织(15%)这方面考察考生对观点的组织,判断对文章上下文的组织是否恰当。(如文章顺序,前后一致,全篇的统一性)

  Style (16%). Questions in this category test how well you select precise and appropriate words and images, maintain the level of style and tone in an essay, manage sentence elements for rhetorical effectiveness, and avoid ambiguous pronoun references, wordiness, and redundancy.

  修辞类型(16%)通过让考生选择准确的、恰当的词语和比喻,保持文章的语气一致和格式不变,维持句子成分的修辞效果,避免不当的代词使用,词不达意和表述累赘。

  下面就act英语考试的十大高频考点,为各位考生进行解读。希望在这些考点的帮助下,考生们的act英语考试能够取得一个满意的成绩!

  1、 平行原则,要同类,如词性、结构等。

  e.g. Agriculture necessitated the storage of seed stock, the division of labor, and allocating land. (句子宾语出现两个名词结构,最后是“allocating”这样的动词现在分词,明显是不平行)。

  2、 某些明显错误,如 “may have travel”, “between my brother and I”. “there behavior”. “pushed she”等要在句子中根据自己语言常识和语感做出判断。

  3、 连系动词+形容词,如remain, seem, smell, look, appear, feel等,(remain+strongly为错误)

  4、 副词修饰“形容词”(ly为后缀的此类一般为副词)

  e.g. “a neutrally country”错误因为副词不能修饰名词。

  5、 Each of , Either of , neither of为单数,both of 为复数。 all of, some of取决于后面的名词词性,如果是可数名词,就用复数,否则就用单数。“Either blacks or whites ”为错误,要改为 “both blacks and whites”.

  6、 某些抽象名词为不可数,如a given piece of land, information, news, advice

  7、 某些特殊的结构:“it” 结构,“Given” (表示从……看,相当于“Considering”)

  e.g.: Lindebergh flew without a co-pilot, an extremely risky undertaking despite the duration of the flight and the exhaustion… (改为“given”. )

  8、 名词、代词数要统一

  e.g.. The Dada movement had lost much of their impetus by the early 1920s. (主语是单数,代词也要用单数,“their”要改为“its”)

  9、 文章排序先确定首尾。要根据选项提示判断首句,尾句

  10、 要判断文章的主要大意,需要看选项归纳性、全面性,不能选择片面的,含义绝对的选项。此条原则也适用于阅读理解同类题目。

  以上就是今天分享的ACT考试相关内容了,如果还想获得ACT写作满分和ACT写作满分多少以及ACT写作满分多少分,或者想要了解更多的ACT报考费用,ACT报考团,ACT报名多少钱,都可以关注我们的课窝ACT考试网,在线联系我们,我们也会继续为大家带来更多干货!

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