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ACT写作:ACT答题攻略(附写作范文)

589 2018-03-20 分享到 :

  ACT考试全称“American College Testing”,中文名称为“美国大学入学考试”,是美国大学本科的入学条件之一,也是奖学金发放的重要依据之一。由ACT公司主办。ACT考试分为四个部分:文章改错(English),数学(Math),阅读(Reading),和科学推理(Science Reasoning)。另外,作文为选考。

  ACT(American College Test)考试与SAT考试均被称为“美国高考”,它们既是美国大学的入学条件之一,又是大学发放奖学金的主要依据之一及对学生综合能力的测试标准。这个考试也被所有美国四年制大学承认,与SAT相比学校没有偏向性,两个考试的成绩均接受。和SAT不同,ACT考试更像一种学科考试,它更强调考生对课程知识的掌握,同时也考虑到了对考生独立思考和判断能力的。从时间上看,ACT考试比SAT紧张;从难度上看,ACT考试比SAT更容易一些,尤其对中国的考生来说,选择ACT考试可能更容易在短期内获得相对满意的成绩!

  ACT,中文是“美国大学入学考试”,以美国初、高中课程内容为基础,主要考察学生知识掌握情况。

  ACT考试由4门必考科目:英语、数学、阅读和科学推理,外加1门选考的写作组成,考试时长达3小时25分,满分36分。在美国中西部和南方很多州,ACT最初被当作毕业考试,是学校为测试学生对12年级以前所学知识的掌握情况而设立的,到了今天,它已经成为美国境内通用的大学入学考试之一。

  ACT写作虽然是选考,但是对于大多数美国名校来说,ACT写作成绩依然占据着不可忽视的作用。今天小编为大家介绍一下ACT写作答题攻略,大家可以作为参考。

  一、写作时间分配方面

  考试总时长40分钟,字数最好达到500字以上,这就要求学生在思维的熟练程度和表达熟练程度上都应该达到一个相对高的层次。

  首先应该花5到8分钟左右的时间审题,抓关键词,想论点和例子,最好简单写一个提纲,接下来30到35分钟的时间边写边修改,最后最好留1到2分钟的时间,检查单词拼写和基本语法错误。


ACT写作


  二、写作内容方面

  (1)仔细审题,建立有一定深度的理解

  观点是新版写作最重要的得分点。新版写作增加了10分钟的时间,为40分钟。在增加的10分钟里,应该写下提纲和一切一念之间产生的琐碎的观点,可以是一个词,一个短语。记录每个观点的漏洞和可取之处,最终在写作过程中我们做的其实是组织和还原碎片这件事。

  (2)观点必须有效,并且同样有一定深度

  首先在ideas and analysis上,要有深度,能展开自己的观点而不是局限于文中的三个perspective,但是三个观点都要分析,可以有一定的详略。

  其次在development and support上,例证要能强有力地支持观点,这里面需要注意的是,ACT写作的举例最好举真实典型的。

  第三项organization,这里面主要是段落,段间,和段内的逻辑结构,段落最好分4-5段,段间要有连接词,连接句进行承接,段内也是总分总的结构。

  建立有效的观点,我们需要问自己几个问题:1)每个观点有什么合理之处和漏洞缺陷?2)为什么有人支持,有人反对?3)我自己的观点是什么,有什么优势?4)如何支持自己的观点?这几个问题就是我们写作的大方向。

  (3)组织能力

  组织能力是把有逻辑性的观点展开的充分和明确的保证。

  首先文章观点之间具有组织性。比如三个观点之间,我们不一定依次按照顺序分析,我们可以把漏洞最大的观点/最反对的观点放在正文的第一段,把可行性最大的,漏洞最少的观点放在最后一段。

  同样,句子和句子之间同样存在组织性,比如,例证需要紧随观点句,而不是放在观点句前面,形容词和副词要放在正确的位置,不可以产生歧义。

  (4)语言能力

  语言能力包括语法,表达造句,和措辞。熟练掌握了英语部分的语法考察点,那么写作中的语法基本也不成问题。可以以名人演讲为鉴赏素材,背下经典的段落,大胆运用在文章里。

  (5)论据素材

  改版后的写作话题的范围也扩大到历史,文学,科技,创新等层面了,所以在论证过程中,可选择性适当插入一些世界文学,政治,历史上的例子素材,

  这些论证素材的作用一是来增加论点的支撑,二来也能反应考生对历史文化背景的理解和应用。

  (6)解释自己的观点和三个观点之间的关系

  ACT写作要求考生也必须阐明自己的观点和已有的三个观点之间是一致还是对立,或者部分对立,无论哪种关系,多半在论述过程中已经有所体现和暗示,但是作为得分点之一,必须进行直接,明确地阐释。

  (7)字数

  虽然官方对字数并没有一个硬性的要求,但是根据对满分和高分作文的统计,它们一般都超过500字。

  附: ACT写作范文

  It is no secret that today’s workforce no longer consists entirely of people. Rather, machines are being developed to complete many of the tasks which humans have traditionally done. This can greatly increase productivity and efficiency of simple, repetitive tasks. Many people view this as a great positive and point out that it leads to a more uniform and less expensive product which is better for everyone. However, some people are more wary of this popular trend of automating the workforce and question whether this progress is truely positive. Their concerns, though, are outweighed by the benefits these machines offer.

  It is the popular view among companies which are moving toward automation that robots can do many tasks better than humans. For example, in the automotive industry, most of a car’s individual components are manufactured by pre-programmed robots which have much greater and more precise output than would be possible for a human. In addition, robots cut down the cost of production by a considerable amount. If a company hires an employee to complete a simple task for $50,000 per year but could instead buy a machine for a one time purchase of $30,000, it is far more cost effective to buy the machine. Lower cost of production means that the goods produced can now be sold at a lower pricepoint which passes the savings on to the consumer. Companies producing goods rightly contend that the use of machines to complete low-skill jobs has only positive impact for everyone.

  Beyond these benefits for industry, some believe that machines will shape the future for the human race. Innovation and invention of new more intelligent machines can push us as humans toward new, unimagined possibilities. For example, before the first airplane was invented, people could only dream of human flight, but at the moment of takeoff, a whole new world of unimaginable possibilities was suddenly within our grasp. Through even just that one invention, an entire multi-billion dollar a year industry was born, and our lives improved and advanced in a multitude of ways. Who can know what great advancements may be brought about by a more intelligent machine than what we possess today? The possibilities are endless.

  There are those who are less enthusiastic about all this progress and advancement. They argue that by not having to interact with fellow humans, we no longer are required to be courteous and have tolerance for others. While this may be true, this is a minor cost for a major increase in efficiency. Take the example of self checkout systems in grocery stores. Self checkout permits consumers to procure their goods and get out of the store quickly. This might seem like a small time-saver, but considering how often this experience is repeated reveals a cumulative effect. Across time, consumers end up saving hours, which improves the efficiency of their daily lives, allowing them to spend time on things that are of greater interest and meaning to them.

  Whether humans like it or not, machines are becoming more and popular in the workplace and are decreasing the need for humans to work those jobs. This can lead to advancement of society, a greater end product or service, and even a lower consumer cost of goods. Many people are frightened of change, but unfortunately for them, the past is gone and now we must look to the future.

  以上就是今天分享的ACT考试相关内容了,如果还想获得更多act送分以及act算分,或者想要了解更多的act套题和act提分或者act退考的相关问题,都可以关注我们的课窝ACT考试网,在线联系我们,我们也会继续为大家带来更多干货!


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